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Higgs boson-like particle discovery claimed at LHC

by on July 5, 2012

Cern scientists reporting from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have claimed the discovery of a new particle consistent with the Higgs boson.

The particle has been the subject of a 45-year hunt to explain how matter attains its mass.

Both of the Higgs boson-hunting experiments at the LHC see a level of certainty in their data worthy of a “discovery”.

More work will be needed to be certain that what they see is a Higgs, however.

The results announced at Cern (European Organization for Nuclear Research), home of the LHC in Geneva, were met with loud applause and cheering.

Prof Peter Higgs, after whom the particle is named, wiped a tear from his eye as the teams finished their presentations in the Cern auditorium.

“I would like to add my congratulations to everyone involved in this achievement,” he added later.

“It’s really an incredible thing that it’s happened in my lifetime.”

Prof Stephen Hawking joined in with an opinion on a topic often discussed in hushed tones.

“This is an important result and should earn Peter Higgs the Nobel Prize,” he told BBC News.

“But it is a pity in a way because the great advances in physics have come from experiments that gave results we didn’t expect.”

Please go for further details and video clippings to:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-18702455
By Paul Rincon Science editor, BBC News website, Geneva

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3 Comments
  1. RY Deshpande permalink

    A query: Boson in the back of my mind refers to Satyen Bose who, with Einstein, had signed a theory. Has this nothing to do with the present revolutionary finding?

    All entities which mediate between material particles are called bosons. Higgs boson is one particular intermediary, like photon which is a particle of light entering into picture when electromagnetic interactions are involved. These are Force or Field particles.

    There is matter, there are interactions.

    There is Fermi-Dirac Statistics; there is Bose-Einstein Statistics.

    Those particles which follow FD Statistics are called Fermions; those that follow BE are Bosons.

    This was some 80-90 years ago.

    It is in honour of the inventors, rather discoverers, of these statistics that the corresponding sets of particles are named.

    We have Matter; we have Forces (or Fields).

    Matter: FD, Fermions
    Forces or Fields: BE, Bosons.

    In the material creation are these two separate things? Fermions and Bosons?

    Or is there something yet higher from which the two emerge, manifest?

    That is the search for Physics to make.

    In the Sankhya as explained by Sri Aurobindo Bosons belong to Vayu—Air—dealing with interactions, expansion and contraction. Down below is Agni—Fire—who gives form to things.

    The Mother’s ‘problem’ of physical transformation could be connected with Vayu and Agni—if we have to be foolish enough to say anything about it.

  2. RY Deshpande permalink

    Another query via e-mail: It appears that some other unexpected observations were also made? I don’t understand the details or the jargon, but something like unexpected decay paths?

    But I have a more fundamental question: would you not get point observations that appear to confirm almost any theory? Should the search then be for a preponderance of observations—basically tracking the distribution function of the statistics?

    Your fundamental question. Fundamentally we’re not at a much different place than where we were, say, in 1954. That was the time when the ‘chase’ for anti-particles was hot. The pursuit was to see if anti-proton existed. The Berkeley Bevatron, the largest machine conceived and built at that time, did demonstrate its existence. A whole new branch of physics opened with that. The present-day supermega-effort is an aspect of it. What the cern director says is with great perception: “It was a global effort; it is a global effort; it is a global success.” I’ll add: “It is a timeless effort”.

    Well, that is the outcome in terms of social-cultural possibilities.

    In terms of science, it is an entry into the domain of Vayu, of interactions and exchanges, forces and fields, entry from Agni into Vayu. This quest has to go in its own manner, in the robustness of scientific discipline and rigour. Eventually, it will enter into the realm of Akash.

    So, I’ll greatly value these inspiring pursuits. Possibly, the anti-proton was built into the Bevatron; possibly, the Higgs is built into the LHC. If it is so, the discovery should not come as a surprise. If so, the credit for the discovery should rather go to them who built the machines and not so much to the teams who ‘observed’ the events.

    Michael Angelo would already see a statue in a block of Carrara marble. A physicist already ‘sees’ in a machine what he wants to see. Well, it seems it is the power of mind which makes things material.

    If we’ve instruments other than mind…

  3. RY Deshpande permalink

    Please follow the link for a cartoon explanation of Higgs boson:

    http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap120501.html

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